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One Village-One Variety scheme launched

One Village- One Variety scheme, a project on Cotton Cultivation was launched in Sengapadai Village, Thirumangalam, Taluk, and Madurai District on 09.08.2012. This scheme of Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) is implemented in Sengapadai and surrounding villages by DHAN Foundation, under its rainfed agricultural development program. The Thirumangalam Uzavar Maamandram, the federation of rainfed farmers promoted by DHAN Foundation will play a major role in implementing this scheme.

The Mr. P.T.Pillaivaar, General Manager of Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) presided over the function. Mr. Palanisami, the Program Leader of the Rainfed agricultural development program of DHAN foundation, Dr. Chellaiah, Professor and Head, Regional Research Station (RRC,TNAU), Arupukottai, Dr.K.Rajendiran, Professor of Agronomy, TNAU, Coimbatore, Dr.Rajaram, Professor of Entomology, RRC, Arupukottai, Mr.Sundar rajan, General Manager, Kalanjiam Thozilagam Limited(KTL), Madurai and 200 farmers from Sengapadai and other rainfed villages participated in the event. Mr. Sangu Murugan, Community Accountant of Thirumangalam Uzavar Maamandram delivered the welcome address.

Mr. P.T. Pillaivaar, in his inaugural address said that “this One village-One variety scheme is a trigger project and is to be implemented for three years. CCI has supported the rainfed farmers in this area with technical guidance for the past two years, because of which the cotton yield has increased from 3 quintals/acre to 7 quintals. However this yield is not sufficient and we have to aim to produce 15 quintals per acre. I hope that this is the right time for the farmers to adopt the latest technology in rainfed cotton cultivation and go for good quality seeds, which can bring a tremendous change in the lives of farmers “. He asked the farmers to go in for quality seeds available with agricultural department and Srivilliputhur Cotton Research Station rather than using seeds from ginning factories supplied by local merchants. The aim of CCI is to increase the yield with low cost of inputs for optimizing returns, he added.

Mr. Palanisamy said “DHAN Foundation is working here from the year 2002, since we started implementing the National watershed development project for rainfed areas (NWDPRA). About Rs20 lakhs worth of work was done in this village, through which 400 wells got rejuvenated, oorani’s were de-silted, farm ponds were constructed and drinking water facilities were made. Collaboration with CCI happened two years ago through which technical training; soil testing and farm inputs were given to the farmers. Mr.Palanisamy also thanked the CCI,TNAU, Coimbatore and RRC- Aruppukottai for their regular support in giving technical guidance for cotton cultivation in villages around Thirumangalam. Mr.Palanisamy also briefed about the Thirumangalam Uzhavar Mamandram, the federation of farmers which plays a major role in improving rainfed farming in these villages. Crop insurance plans were introduced here and 149 automatic rain gauges were installed to measure the impact of drought. He said that farmer’s cooperation is the most important aspect for success of any agricultural intervention in the area.

Dr.Chellaiah gave technical guidance for seed to seed cotton cultivation during his speech. He stressed that good quality seeds and timely sowing decides the yield of the crop. “He added that the one village and one variety scheme is to ensure that a single variety is sown by all villagers during the same time, which helps in easy pest management”. He said that land preparation for the next crop should follow immediately after the harvest of the standing crop, in rainfed conditions. Cotton crop should not be left as such in the field after it stops yielding and should be ploughed down. Summer ploughs using disc plough, makes land uneven and enables the land to save more water by preventing run off. It also controls weed growth. Applying enriched farmyard manure can be practiced by farmers, since bulk loads of FYM is unavailable nowadays and transportation costs drills a hole in farmers pocket. Instead of five tonnes of FYM, 300 kg of FYM can be enriched with 50 kg of super phosphate and can be applied after 30 days. Buying quality seeds and seed treatment with carbendazim/trichogramma after de-linting will control occurrence of sucking pests to large extent. Instead of broadcasting of seeds, line sowing should be practiced, which will reduce the cost of labour in weeding and also helps to maintain adequate plant population. Split application of fertilizer, basal and the two top dressings (after two weeding) should be practiced. The most important thing is the care during plucking. It should be ensured that only the full matured pods get plucked. Also while marketing segregate the good quality ones from pest infested pods, so that better price is ensured for the produce.

Dr.Rajendran, in his speech said that the demand for cotton in India is 245 lakh bales. Last year 320 lakh bales were produced and the excess got exported. This year 30 % reduction in cotton production is expected. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Andre Pradesh are among the 11 states that grow cotton in India. 50 % of the cotton produced comes to ginning mills in Tamilnadu . The demand for cotton in Tamilnadu every year is 120 lakh bale(1 bale = 170 kg cotton), while the production in Tamilnadu accounts only to 5 lakh bales. He also expressed that there is high potential for getting higher yield and advised farmers to go far line sowing and continue to grow SVPR-2 variety that is most suited to Thirumangalam belt. He also asked the farmers not to go far Bt cotton, since they fetch low price in cotton markets than the Surabhi cotton. He also shared his experience during his visit to Brazil. He said he was astonished to see domestic water being efficiently for irrigating cotton crop, in villages that suffers from water and rainfall scarcity. Water is used very cautiously by the people there, knowing its importance. The cotton yield was also high to a tune of 25 quintals /acre, where farmers here struggle to get even 7 -10 quintals.

Dr.Rajaraman delivered a lecture on pest management in cotton. Stem weevil menace was expressed as the major problem and he suggested usage of Imidachlorprid @ 5ml/kg for seed treatment and further spraying of Chlorpyriphos @ 1ml/liter after 15 days of sowing, apart from neem cake application @100kg/acre after last plough. Mr.Sundarajan, from KTL, expressed his concerns that even after repeated requests many farmers are reluctant to adopt line sowing, which really can assure good returns apart from reducing the weeding cost. He said seed treatment is like giving immunization for babies and farmers should realize its importance.

Ms.Kalavathi, President of the Sengapadai Panchayat Union, thanked the gathering.

Thirumangalam Uzhavar Mamandram -A brief
DHAN Foundation initiated its rainfed agricultural development program in 2nd Oct,2002, in Thirumangalam and surrounding villages. Farmers groups were formed as a part of this program, which grew gradually and now got established as Thirumangalam Uzhavar Mamandram, managed and run my farmers themselves
Total Farmers groups : 116
Total Families covered : 1828
Villages : 30
Panchayats : 16
Savings : 73.13 lakhs
Member loan outstanding : 82.87 lakhs
Bank loan outstanding : 28.93 lakhs
Common Fund : 18.50 lakhs
Loans Distributed so far : 757.59 lakhs
Total Bank loan availed so far : 59.44 lakhs
Association with other organizations

  • With CCI to implement One Village – One variety scheme
  • With NABARD to form farmers groups, give trainings and exposure visits
  • With IDRC & SIDA to implement Revalorizing small millets in South East Asia in Thirumangalam Block

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